Implikasies vir die leksikografie van die klassifikasie van plante en diere in die volkstaksonomie

J.C.M.D. du Plessis


<b>Implications for Lexicography of the Classification of Plants and Animals in Folk Taxonomy</b>

In this essay the scientific taxonomic system is contrasted with the folk taxonomic system through the use of relational semantic models: the basis for the former is chiefly meronymy, while that for the latter is mainly modification. Corresponding to these systems two kinds of dictionaries can be distinguished: the encyclopedic dictionary and the standard dictionary which are based on extensional and stereotypical concepts respectively. In a scientifically based culture the scientific taxonomical concepts influence the folk taxonomical concepts of plants and animals. This fact should be taken into account in definitions in a comprehensive explanatory dictionary which is based on prototypical concepts and takes a position between the encyclopedic dictionary and the standard dictionary.



lexicography; scientific taxonomy; folk taxonomy; semantic relations; meronymy; modification; comprehensive explanatory dictionary; encyclopedic dictionary; standard dictionary

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ISSN 2224-0039 (online); ISSN 1684-4904 (print)

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