Thoughts and Views on the Compilation of Monolingual Dictionaries in South Africa

N.C.P Golele

Abstract


Abstract: Developing and documenting the eleven official languages of South Africa on all
levels of communication in order to fulfil all the roles and uses characteristic of truly official languages
is a great challenge. To meet this need various bodies such as the National Lexicography
Units have been established by the Pan South African Language Board (PanSALB). As far as dictionary
compilation is concerned, acquaintance with the state-of-the-art developments in the theory
and practice of lexicography is necessary.
The focus of the African languages should be directed onto the compilation of monolingual
dictionaries. It is important that these monolingual dictionaries should be usable right from the
start on a continuous basis. Continued attention should be given to enlarging the corpora and
actual consultation of these corpora on the macro- and microstructural levels. The end-products
should be of a high lexicographic standard, well-balanced in terms of lemma selection, length of
the articles, maximum utilisation of available dictionary space etc. They should also be planned
and compiled in such a way that the transition from paper dictionaries to electronic dictionaries
could be easily and naturally accomplished. Advanced and continued training in the compilation
of monolingual dictionaries should be presented.

Keywords: MONOLINGUAL DICTIONARIES, OFFICIAL LANGUAGES, DICTIONARY
COMPILATION, CORPORA, NATIONAL LEXICOGRAPHY UNITS, TARGET USERS, DICTIONARY
USE, DICTIONARY CULTURE, CORE TERMS

Opsomming: Gedagtes en beskouings oor die samestelling van eentalige
woordeboeke in Suid-Afrika. Die ontwikkeling en dokumentering van die elf amptelike
tale van Suid-Afrika op alle vlakke van kommunikasie om alle rolle en gebruike van werklik amptelike
tale te vervul, is 'n groot uitdaging. Om in hierdie behoefte te voorsien, is liggame soos die
Nasionale Leksikografie-eenhede deur die Pan Suid-Afrikaanse Taalraad (PanSAT) tot stand gebring.
Wat woordeboeksamestelling betref, is bekendheid met die heel nuutste ontwikkelinge in
die teorie en praktyk van die leksikografie noodsaaklik.
Die fokus van die Afrikatale moet op die samestelling van eentalige woordeboeke gerig
wees. Dit is belangrik dat hierdie eentalige woordeboeke reg van die begin af op 'n deurlopende
basis bruikbaar moet wees. Voortdurende aandag moet aan die uitbreiding van die korpusse en die werklike raadpleging van hierdie korpusse op makro- en mikrostrukturele vlak gegee word. Die
eindprodukte moet van 'n ho? leksikografiese gehalte wees, goed gebalanseerd betreffende lemmakeuse,
lengte van artikels, maksimum gebruik van beskikbare woordeboekruimte, e.s.m. Hulle
moet ook op so 'n manier beplan en saamgestel word dat die oorgang van papierwoordeboeke na
elektroniese woordeboeke maklik en natuurlik bewerkstellig kan word. Gevorderde en voortdurende
opleiding in die samestelling van eentalige woordeboeke moet aangebied word.

Sleutelwoorde: EENTALIGE WOORDEBOEKE, AMPTELIKE TALE, WOORDEBOEKSAMESTELLING,
KORPUSSE, NASIONALE LEKSIKOGRAFIE-EENHEDE, TEIKENGEBRUIKERS,
WOORDEBOEKGEBRUIK, WOORDEBOEKKULTUUR, KERNTERME

Keywords


MONOLINGUAL DICTIONARIES; OFFICIAL LANGUAGES; DICTIONARY COMPILATION; CORPORA; NATIONAL LEXICOGRAPHY UNITS; TARGET USERS; DICTIONARY USE; DICTIONARY CULTURE; CORE TERMS

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5788/16-0-660

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ISSN 2224-0039 (online); ISSN 1684-4904 (print)

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