Phonostilistische und regionale Variation der deutschen Aussprache in den orthoepischen Nachschlagewerken der dritten Generation
AbstractPhonostylistic and Regional Variation of German Pronunciation in the Third-generation Orthoepic Dictionaries. By publishing the Deutsches Aussprachewörterbuch (2009) and the seventh, completely revised and updated edition of the DUDEN Aussprachewörterbuch (2015), two orthoepic reference works have thus far been released in the 21st century that in many respects add a new dimension to the current dictionary landscape in the field of German pronunciation. For this reason, we consider it justified to regard them as pronunciation dictionaries of a new generation. The two dictionaries to be discussed in this paper are remarkable for their novel editorial solutions and the unprecedented inclusion of a number of multimedia components. But more crucially, they present a changed, significantly expanded and more realistic understanding of the phonetic standard that takes into account the phonostylistic diversity in German pronunciation. Furthermore, and no less importantly, they do also acknowledge, for the first time in German phonolexicography, the polycentric and polyareal nature of German by including the standard pronunciations of Austria and Switzerland, as well as their subnational or regional varieties, and making them subjects of description. These two fundamental innovations of both dictionaries receive a critical comparative examination in the present article. Keywords: phonolexicography, pronunciation codification, pronunciation dictionary, German pronunciation, standard pronunciation, phonetic standard, phonetic variation, phonostylistic variation, regional variation, linguistic pluricentrism
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