Some Features of Monolingual LSP Dictionaries

G.-R. Mihindou

Abstract


Abstract: Dictionaries are classified according to a certain set of criteria. On the one hand, thereare general purpose dictionaries, aiming to satisfy the needs of the majority of users, and focusedon the general vocabulary, and, on the other hand, there are limited or specific dictionaries forspecialists dealing with language for special purposes (LSP). The type of dictionary dealing withtechnical and sometimes semi-technical vocabulary is compiled to satisfy the needs of those whoalready have a knowledge of a specific field but want to improve their skills. General purpose dictionariesare well known and users are relatively familiar with them, but it is not necessarily thecase with LSP dictionaries. This type of dictionaries needs to be described or presented withemphasis on some of its features. As a result LSP dictionaries and general purpose dictionaries willoften be compared.

Keywords: LSP DICTIONARY, GENERAL PURPOSE DICTIONARY, MEANING, TECHNICALVOCABULARY, GENERAL VOCABULARY, USER NEEDS, DATA DISTRIBUTION,MACROSTRUCTURE, MICROSTRUCTURE, ORDERING TYPOLOGY

Opsomming: 'n Aantal kenmerke van eentalige TSD-woordeboeke. Woordeboekeword geklassifiseer volgens 'n bepaalde stel kriteria. Aan die een kant is daar woordeboekevir algemene doeleindes wat die behoeftes van die meerderheid gebruikers wil bevredig, en watop die algemene woordeskat konsentreer, en, aan die ander kant, is daar beperkte of spesifiekewoordeboeke vir vakkundiges wat taal vir spesiale doeleindes (TSD) behandel. Die soort woordeboekwat 'n tegniese en somtyds semitegniese woordeskat behandel, word saamgestel om diebehoeftes te bevredig van diegene wat reeds kennis van 'n spesifieke gebied besit, maar wat hulvaardighede wil verbeter. Woordeboeke vir algemene doeleindes is goed bekend en gebruikers isbetreklik vertroud met hulle, maar dit is nie noodwendig die geval met TSD-woordeboeke nie.Hierdie woordeboeke moet omskryf of bekend gestel word met die klem op sekere van hul kenmerke.TSD-woordeboeke en woordeboeke vir algemene doeleindes sal gevolglik dikwels vergelykword.

Sleutelwoorde: TSD-WOORDEBOEK, WOORDEBOEK VIR ALGEMENE DOELEINDES, BETEKENIS, TEGNIESE WOORDESKAT, ALGEMENE WOORDESKAT, GEBRUIKERSBEHOEFTES, DATAVERSPREIDING, MAKROSTRUKTUUR, ORDENINGSTIPOLOGIE


Keywords


LSP dictionary; general purpose dictionary; meaning; technical vocabulary; general vocabulary; user needs; data distribution; macrostructure; microstructure; ordering typology

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5788/14-0-686

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ISSN 2224-0039 (online); ISSN 1684-4904 (print)

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