Semi-automatic Term Extraction for an isiZulu Linguistic Terms Dictionary
AbstractThe University of KwaZulu-Natal (UKZN) is compiling a series of Language for Special Purposes (LSP) dictionaries for various specialized subject domains in line with its language policy and plan. The focus in this paper is the term extraction for words in the linguistics subject domain. This paper advances the use of frequency analysis and the keyword analysis as strategies to extract terms for the compilation of the dictionary of isiZulu linguistic terms. The study uses the isiZulu National Corpus (INC) of about 1,2 million tokens as a reference corpus as well as an LSP corpus of about 100,000 tokens as a study corpus. The study is analyzed through the use of a software tool called WordSmith Tools (version 6). WordSmith Tools (hence forth WS Tools) is an integrated suite of three main programs, which include the WordList, Concord and Keywords, used in analysing words and word patterns in any given text. Using the WS Tools software a lot of qualitative and quantitative research can be done in the language. Central to this study is a computational determination of which words are typical of the linguistic domain in isiZulu and therefore stand out as preferred candidates for headword selection. Thus the study uses the corpus linguistics method as a basis for theoretical analysis. The advantage of such a theoretical approach is that a corpus is stored and queried by means of computer and computer software, which makes it easy to find, sort and count items, either as a basis for linguistic description or for addressing language-related issues and problems. Using the WS Tools software, the study shows that term extraction for the isiZulu dictionary of linguistic terms is done following reliable computational techniques in corpus lexicography.
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