Checking Knowledge in Online Encyclopaedias: Towards a Behavioural Approach to Data Accessibility

Marcin Overgaard Ptaszynski

Abstract


ABSTRACT: This article outlines a new approach to data access in electronic encyclopaedias. Contrary to most of the existing research, which treats access as a lexicographer-dominated, structural concept, access is viewed here as a process which is essentially user-driven. The role of the lexicographer is to facilitate this process, so that it can become rapid and unimpeded, but their control of it should be reduced to a minimum. This can only be achieved if access to data is adjusted to the specific type of need for information. Accordingly, the article examines three forms of data access applicable in situations in which the user experiences the need for a finite, specific amount of information. The results of the examination confirm that access to data is indeed a process whose success depends on the interaction between the user, the data, and the type of need for information which the given reference work aims to satisfy.

OPSOMMING: Die nagaan van kennis in aanlynensiklopedieë: Op weg na 'n gedragsbenadering tot datatoeganklikheid. Hierdie artikel skets 'n nuwe benadering tot datatoegang in elektroniese ensiklopedieë. In teenstelling met die meeste bestaande navorsing wat toegang behandel as 'n leksikograaf beheerste, strukturele konsep, word toegang hier gesien as 'n proses wat hoofsaaklik gebruikersgedrewe is. Die rol van die leksikograaf is om hierdie proses te vergemaklik sodat dit vinnig en ongehinderd kan plaasvind, maar sy beheer daarvan behoort tot 'n minimum beperk te word. Dit kan slegs bereik word indien toegang tot data aangepas word by die spesifieke soort behoefte aan inligting. Gevolglik behandel die artikel drie maniere van datatoegang wat van toepassing is in situasies waarin die gebruiker die behoefte vir 'n definitiewe, spesifieke hoeveelheid inligting ondervind. Die resultate van die ondersoek bevestig dat toegang tot data inderdaad 'n proses is waarvan die sukses berus op die wisselwerking tussen die gebruiker, die data en die soort behoefte aan inligting wat die bepaalde naslaanwerk beoog om te bevredig.

Sleutelwoorde: ENSIKLOPEDIE, ELEKTRONIESE LEKSIKOGRAFIE, TOEGANG, STRUKTUUR, TOEGANGSROETE, EENVOUDIGE INLIGTINGSBEHOEFTE, KOMPLEKSE INLIGTINGSBEHOEFTE, KENNISVERKRYGING


Keywords


ENCYCLOPAEDIA; ELECTRONIC LEXICOGRAPHY; ACCESS; STRUCTURE; ACCESS ROUTE; SIMPLE INFORMATION NEED; COMPLEX INFORMATION NEED; KNOWLEDGE ACQUISITION

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5788/20-0-150

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ISSN 2224-0039 (online); ISSN 1684-4904 (print)

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