New-line and Run-on Guiding Devices in Print Monolingual Dictionaries for Learners of English

Bartosz Ptasznik, Robert Lew


The paper focuses on guiding devices in print monolingual dictionaries for learners of English. It aims to find answers to six research questions. The main aim is to investigate how the location of guiding devices within entries — starting from a new line versus run-on — affects consultation time and sense selection accuracy of dictionary users in entry navigation. In addition, the paper looks at the effect that part of speech (noun versus verb entries) has on consultation time and sense selection accuracy; further, the relationship between entry length and consultation time is investigated, as well as that between consultation time and sense selection accuracy.


dictionary; dictionary consultation; dictionary access; lexicography; guiding devices; signposts; signposting; monolingual dictionaries; learners' dictionaries; English; Polish learners

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ISSN 2224-0039 (online); ISSN 1684-4904 (print)

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