Grammatiese inligting ten opsigte van adjektiewe in aanleerderwoordeboeke

Anna Nel Otto


<b>Grammatical Information with Regard to Adjectives in Learner's Dictionaries </b>

Because a learner's dictionary is used for both decoding and encoding, it should contain far more grammatical information (explicitly indicated) than standard dictionaries. Therefore, with regard to adjectives for example, attention should be given to the following: the possibility or not of inflection; the comparative and superlative forms; a complete identification of the different types of adjectives, an indication whether an adjective can only be used attributively or predicatively; the different ways in which <i>so</i> and <i>sulke</i> are used; the fact that not all "past participles" can be derived from the passive forms of <i>wees</i>; the provision of a spelling list with the names of people, countries, places, nations, tribes, languages, as well as derivations thereof; cross-references between nouns/verbs and their adjectival correlates if there are striking differences between them, and an indication of adjective complements. The value of valency theory by determining adjective complements is examined in this article and the importance of a distinction between obligatory and peripheral complements for both learners and teachers is stressed. The linguistic categories which can function as adjective complements in Afrikaans are provisionally indicated, but it is stated that further research in this regard is necessary.



adjective, adjective complements, grammatical information, learner's dictionary, linguistic categories, micro-structure, mini grammar, obligatory complements, optional complements, peripheral complements, valency

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ISSN 2224-0039 (online); ISSN 1684-4904 (print)

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