Aspekte van mikrostrukturele ver-skeidenheid en inkonsekwentheid in woordeboeke

Rufus H. Gouws

Abstract


gewoonlik deur diegene wie se dialek nie goed verteenwoordig is nie. Die artikel bevat die skrywer se ervaring in die African Languages Lexical (ALLEX) Project, tans die African Languages Research Institute (ALRI). Die ALRI, gehuisves by die Universiteit van Zimbabwe, het as een van sy belang-rikste doelwitte die samestelling van eentalige woordeboeke vir die inheemse tale van Zimbabwe. Alhoewel verduidelikende voorbeelde slegs aan Sjona ontleen word, word daar egter geglo dat die probleme wat in hierdie artikel na vore gebring word, nie net eie is aan Sjona nie, maar ook geldig is vir ander Bantoe- en wêreldtale.

Abstract: Aspects of Microstructural Diversity and Inconsistency in Dic-tionaries. In any dictionary it is important that the microstructural presentation should be sys-tematic and consistent. Motivated deviations from the default structure should be explained to the user. This article looks at different types of microstructural models developed within the field of metalexicography, focusing on the integrated and non-integrated microstructure. Proposals are made for changes to the non-integrated microstructure in order to enhance the quality of informa-tion transfer. With the aid of examples from a number of Afrikaans dictionaries the varied and inconsistent nature of the microstructural presentation is indicated. Disadvantages of a mixed primitive microstructure are discussed, with special reference to the implications for the addressing structure. In this regard different procedures of remote addressing receive attention. The resulting textual condensation and problems users experience with the co-ordination of cotext entries and paraphrases of meaning are emphasised. Suggestions are made for a microstructure which gives a better reflection of the demands of a user-driven lexicographic process.

Keywords: ADDRESSING STRUCTURE, ARTICLE STRUCTURE, CONTEXT, COTEXT, DIRECTED REMOTE ADDRESSING, IMPLICIT REMOTE ADDRESSING, INTEGRATED MICROSTRUCTURE, MICROSTRUCTURE, NON-INTEGRATED MICROSTRUCTURE, PRIMI-TIVE MICROSTRUCTURE, REMOTE ADDRESSING, RUDIMENTARY MICROSTRUCTURE, SEARCH AREA, SUBCOMMENT ON SEMANTICS


Keywords


ADDRESSING STRUCTURE; ARTICLE STRUCTURE; CONTEXT; COTEXT; DIRECTED REMOTE ADDRESSING; IMPLICIT REMOTE ADDRESSING; INTEGRATED MICROSTRUCTURE; MICROSTRUCTURE; NON-INTEGRATED MICROSTRUCTURE; PRIMITIVE MICROSTRUCTURE; REMOTE ADDRESSING; RUDIMENTARY MICROSTRUCTURE; SEARCH AREA; SUBCOMMENT ON SEMANTICS

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5788/13-0-724

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ISSN 2224-0039 (online); ISSN 1684-4904 (print)

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