Des considérations sur la lexicographie et la linguistique au Gabon*

Guy-Modeste Ekwa Ebané ga, Fatima Tomba Moussavou

Abstract


Résumé: Le Gabon est un pays à diversité linguistique. La constitution gabonaise reconnaît lefrançais comme l'unique langue officielle. En outre, elle s'efforce de promouvoir et de protéger leslangues nationales. La lexicographie, discipline de la production des dictionnaires, et la linguistique,l'étude scientifique du langage, ont toutes les deux un rôle à jouer dans la promotion et laprotection des langues nationales. L'objectif de cet article est de montrer l'importance d'une collaborationentre lexicographes et linguistes pour un développement effectif des langues du Gabon.Pour rendre compte de la nécessité de cette collaboration entre les lexicographes et les linguistesau Gabon, cet article commence par la présentation de la situation linguistique du Gabon.Ensuite des aspects tels que les contributions des deux disciplines de la linguistique et de la lexicographieau développement des langues gabonaises, la collaboration entre les linguistes et les lexicographeset la question des unités lexicographiques gabonaises seront discutés.

Mots-clés: LEXICOGRAPHIE, LINGUISTIQUE, COLLABORATION, LEXICOGRAPHES,LINGUISTES, SCIENCES INTERDISCIPLINAIRES, LANGUES GABONAISES, DICTIONNAIRE,LANGUE, CORPUS, UNITÉS LEXICOGRAPHIQUES, DÉVELOPPEMENT

Abstract: Considerations on Lexicography and Linguistics in Gabon. Gabonis a country with a linguistic diversity. The Gabonese constitution recognizes French as the onlyofficial language. Moreover, it endeavours to promote and protect the national languages. Lexicography,the discipline for the producing of dictionaries, and linguistics, the scientific study of language,both have a role to play in the promotion and protection of the national languages.To account for the necessity of this collaboration between lexicographers and linguists inGabon, this article starts by presenting the linguistic situation in Gabon. Then aspects such as thecontribution of the two disciplines of linguistics and lexicography to the development of the Gaboneselanguages, the collaboration between linguists and lexicographers and the question ofGabonese lexicographic units will be discussed.

Keywords: LEXICOGRAPHY, LINGUISTICS, COLLABORATION, LEXICOGRAPHERS,LINGUISTS, INTERDISCIPLINARY SCIENCES, GABONESE LANGUAGES, DICTIONARY,LANGUAGE, CORPUS, LEXICOGRAPHIC UNITS, DEVELOPMENT


Keywords


LEXICOGRAPHY; LINGUISTICS; COLLABORATION; LEXICOGRAPHERS; LINGUISTS; INTERDISCIPLINARY SCIENCES; GABONESE LANGUAGES; DICTIONARY; LANGUAGE; CORPUS; LEXICOGRAPHIC UNITS; DEVELOPMENT

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5788/16-0-659

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ISSN 2224-0039 (online); ISSN 1684-4904 (print)

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